F.25. pg_buffercache

F.25.1. The pg_buffercache View
F.25.2. Sample Output
F.25.3. Authors

The pg_buffercache module provides a means for examining what's happening in the shared buffer cache in real time.

The module provides a C function pg_buffercache_pages that returns a set of records, plus a view pg_buffercache that wraps the function for convenient use.

By default use is restricted to superusers and members of the pg_read_all_stats role. Access may be granted to others using GRANT.

pg_buffercache returns information local to the connecting Coordinator. To inquire information local to other node, use EXECUTE DIRECT.

F.25.1. The pg_buffercache View

The definitions of the columns exposed by the view are shown in Table F.16.

Table F.16. pg_buffercache Columns

NameTypeReferencesDescription
bufferidinteger ID, in the range 1..shared_buffers
relfilenodeoidpg_class.relfilenodeFilenode number of the relation
reltablespaceoidpg_tablespace.oidTablespace OID of the relation
reldatabaseoidpg_database.oidDatabase OID of the relation
relforknumbersmallint Fork number within the relation; see include/common/relpath.h
relblocknumberbigint Page number within the relation
isdirtyboolean Is the page dirty?
usagecountsmallint Clock-sweep access count
pinning_backendsinteger Number of backends pinning this buffer

There is one row for each buffer in the shared cache. Unused buffers are shown with all fields null except bufferid. Shared system catalogs are shown as belonging to database zero.

Because the cache is shared by all the databases, there will normally be pages from relations not belonging to the current database. This means that there may not be matching join rows in pg_class for some rows, or that there could even be incorrect joins. If you are trying to join against pg_class, it's a good idea to restrict the join to rows having reldatabase equal to the current database's OID or zero.

When the pg_buffercache view is accessed, internal buffer manager locks are taken for long enough to copy all the buffer state data that the view will display. This ensures that the view produces a consistent set of results, while not blocking normal buffer activity longer than necessary. Nonetheless there could be some impact on database performance if this view is read often.

F.25.2. Sample Output

regression=# SELECT c.relname, count(*) AS buffers
             FROM pg_buffercache b INNER JOIN pg_class c
             ON b.relfilenode = pg_relation_filenode(c.oid) AND
                b.reldatabase IN (0, (SELECT oid FROM pg_database
                                      WHERE datname = current_database()))
             GROUP BY c.relname
             ORDER BY 2 DESC
             LIMIT 10;

             relname             | buffers
---------------------------------+---------
 tenk2                           |     345
 tenk1                           |     141
 pg_proc                         |      46
 pg_class                        |      45
 pg_attribute                    |      43
 pg_class_relname_nsp_index      |      30
 pg_proc_proname_args_nsp_index  |      28
 pg_attribute_relid_attnam_index |      26
 pg_depend                       |      22
 pg_depend_reference_index       |      20
(10 rows)

F.25.3. Authors

Mark Kirkwood

Design suggestions: Neil Conway

Debugging advice: Tom Lane